*1.5K*

Table of Contents

In this article, you’ll learn about how to make C++ program to increment and decrement complex numbers using unary

operator overloading and binary operator overloading.

## What is Operator Overloading?

It is a compile-time polymorphism using which a special meaning can be provided to an operator for a given user-defined data type.

## C++ program to increment and decrement complex numbers using unary operator overloading

```
#include <iostream>
class Complex {
private:
double real;
double imaginary;
public:
Complex(double r = 0, double i = 0) {
real = r;
imaginary = i;
}
// Overloading unary ++ operator
Complex operator++() {
++real;
++imaginary;
return *this;
}
// Overloading unary -- operator
Complex operator--() {
--real;
--imaginary;
return *this;
}
void display() {
std::cout << "Real part: " << real << " Imaginary part: " << imaginary << std::endl;
}
};
int main() {
Complex c1(2.5, 3.5);
Complex c2(1.2, 1.8);
++c1; // Increment c1
--c2; // Decrement c2
c1.display();
c2.display();
return 0;
}
```

The output of this program is

```
Real part: 3.5 Imaginary part: 4.5
Real part: 0.2 Imaginary part: 0.8
```

In this program, we define a class called “Complex” that represents complex numbers. The class has a constructor that takes two arguments, the real and imaginary parts of the complex number.

We then overload the unary `++`

and `--`

operators using the following syntax:

```
Complex operator++() {
++real;
++imaginary;
return *this;
}
Complex operator--() {
--real;
--imaginary;
return *this;
}
```

In these functions, we simply increment or decrement the real and imaginary parts of the complex number, and then return a reference to the modified object.

In the `main`

function, we create two complex numbers `c1`

and `c2`

, and then increment `c1`

and decrement `c2`

using the overloaded `++`

and `--`

operators respectively. Finally, we display the real and imaginary parts of both complex numbers using the `display()`

function.

That’s an example of how to increment and decrement complex numbers using unary operator overloading in C++. The unary `++`

and `--`

operators are used to increment and decrement a single operand, and can be overloaded to work with user-defined classes like `Complex`

.

## C++ program to increment and decrement complex numbers using binary operator overloading

```
#include <iostream>
class Complex {
private:
double real;
double imaginary;
public:
Complex(double r = 0, double i = 0) {
real = r;
imaginary = i;
}
// Overloading binary + operator
Complex operator+(Complex const &obj) {
Complex res;
res.real = real + obj.real;
res.imaginary = imaginary + obj.imaginary;
return res;
}
// Overloading binary - operator
Complex operator-(Complex const &obj) {
Complex res;
res.real = real - obj.real;
res.imaginary = imaginary - obj.imaginary;
return res;
}
void display() {
std::cout << "Real part: " << real << " Imaginary part: " << imaginary << std::endl;
}
};
int main() {
Complex c1(2.5, 3.5);
Complex c2(1.2, 1.8);
Complex c3 = c1 + c2; // Add c1 and c2
Complex c4 = c1 - c2; // Subtract c2 from c1
c3.display();
c4.display();
return 0;
}
```

The output of this program is

```
Real part: 3.7 Imaginary part: 5.3
Real part: 1.3 Imaginary part: 1.7
```

In this program, we define a class called “Complex” that represents complex numbers. The class has a constructor that takes two arguments, the real and imaginary parts of the complex number.

We then overload the binary `+`

and `-`

operators using the following syntax:

```
Complex operator+(Complex const &obj) {
Complex res;
res.real = real + obj.real;
res.imaginary = imaginary + obj.imaginary;
return res;
}
Complex operator-(Complex const &obj) {
Complex res;
res.real = real - obj.real;
res.imaginary = imaginary - obj.imaginary;
return res;
}
```

In these functions, we create a new `Complex`

object `res`

and set its real and imaginary parts to the sum or difference of the corresponding parts of the two complex numbers. We then return the `res`

object.

In the `main`

function, we create two complex numbers `c1`

and `c2`

, and then add them and subtract them using the overloaded `+`

and `-`

operators respectively. Finally, we display the real and imaginary parts of both resulting complex numbers using the `display()`

function.

That’s an example of how to increment and decrement complex numbers using binary operator overloading in C++. The binary `+`

and `-`

operators are used to add and subtract two operands, and can be overloaded to work with user-defined classes like `Complex`

.